Parthenium Plant

Parthenium Plant. Statisticsare at the end of the page. Parthenium hysterophorusis a prolific weed belonging to asteraceae family, producing thousands of small white capitula each yielding five seeds on reaching maturity.

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The distinguishing characters of parthenium hysterophorusfrom all these species is that it has ribbed stems and white flower heads during the flowering stage. 1b) and has now become one of the world’s seven most devastating and hazardous weeds. Parthenium hysterophorus (asteraceae) is an aggressive colonizing alien species of dry and disturbed land widely demonstrated to affect crop production, animal husbandry, human health and biodiversity (evans, 1997) and now spreading in more than 20 countries of africa, asia and oceania (dhileepan and strathie, 2009).

Indeed, it is little surprise that those blighted by the species have labelled it the ‘famine weed’ for its ability to decimate crops by as much as 90% in extreme cases.

Parthenium hysterophorus has negative allelopathic influence to its neighboring plant species. The seeds are not able to germinate in soil below a depth of 5 cm. In this genus include the guayule.

(asteraceae) is considered to be one of the world’s worst invasive plant species (binu et al., 2010).

Parthenium hysterophorusis a prolific weed belonging to asteraceae family, producing thousands of small white capitula each yielding five seeds on reaching maturity. Of varied age and in flowering stage. The distinguishing characters of parthenium hysterophorusfrom all these species is that it has ribbed stems and white flower heads during the flowering stage.

Parthenium is a genus in the family asteraceae.

The major ecological and morphological characteristics that contribute to its severe invasiveness might be its adaptability to wide climatic and soil. 1b) and has now become one of the world’s seven most devastating and hazardous weeds. Parthenium weed is locally called congress or gajjar grass.

Another 12 plants served as a control treatment and.

Parthenium plant contains chemicals, like parthenin, hysterin, hymenin, and ambrosin, and such to the presence of these chemicals, the weed exerts strong allelopathic effects on different crops. Parthenium weed's botanical name is parthenium hystrophorous. It is highly problematic in agricultural and natural ecosystems in many countries throughout the world and can have negative impacts on livestock, human health, crop production, and ecosystem health (adkins and shabbir 2014).

Due to a large taproot, this plant is very drought tolerant.

It is a herbaceous plant, and a native of tropical america. Parthenium weed leaves are deeply lobed. Plants first form a basal rosette, up to a foot in diameter, of finely lobed (pinnatifid to bipinnatifid) leaves (figure 2).

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